John Sillevis*, Sylvie Patin and Götz Czymmek
From the museum website
Born in the Netherlands, Jongkind spent a large part of his life in France, his adoptive country, like his fellow-countryman Vincent van Gogh. His early landscapes show with much sensibility different places in his native country in the Dutch tradition, learnt in particular from his teacher the painter Andreas Schelfhout (1787-1870) in The Hague. Following the painter Eugène Isabey (1803-1886), Jongkind pursued his training in Paris, from 1846 onwards. It was in the early 1860’s that he expressed his fondness for seascapes, during his sojourns on the Normandy coast at Le Havre, Sainte-Adresse, Honfleur, Trouville… There he became acquainted with Boudin and above all met Monet, who was to acknowledge the debt he owed the Dutch artist : “I owe him the definitive education of my eye”.
For the freshness of his vision, particularly remarkable in his watercolours, Jongkind is rightly considered a precursor of Impressionism; he also took part in the Salon des Refusés in 1863 with the painting Ruines du château de Rosemont (Musée d’Orsay). From 1873 onwards, Jongkind discovered the Dauphiné. He ended his life in la Côte-Sainte-André, where he was buried in 1891. The artist left several landscapes painted in the Nièvre, the Dauphiné, or evoking his 1880 trip to the Midi.
With this exhibition retracing the stages of the artist’s career and highlighting the diverse facets of his too-long neglected work, the Musée d’Orsay intends to pay a well-deserved homage to Jongkind and his place at the confluence of both the French and Dutch traditions.
In conjunction with this exhibition, the Institut Néerlandais is mounting Jongkind intime (2 June-18 July).
John Sillevis, Jacques Foucart, Sylvie Patin and Götz Czymmek, Johan Barthold Jongkind, 1819-1891, Zwolle (Waanders) and The Hague (Gemeentemuseum Den Haag) 2003. 232 pages, 100 color and 200 black-and-white illustrations.
ISBN 90-400-8860-8 (Dutch edition, hardbound).
German edition: Johan Barthold Jongkind, 1819-1891, Stuttgart (Belser Verlag) 2004.
ISBN 90-400-8924-8 (hardbound).
Information on French edition unavailable.
The Hague, Gemeentemuseum Den Haag (11 October 2003-17 January 2004)
Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz Museum (7 February-9 May 2004).