CODART, Dutch and Flemish art in museums worldwide

The Art of Thinking Well. The Legacy of Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski

Exhibition: 26 April - 1 September 2024

The first exhibition on Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski, an eminent writer, politician and one of the most colorful representatives of the Polish Baroque, is presented through a rich collection of artefacts originating from domestic and foreign collections. The exhibition includes exquisite paintings, puzzling drawings and old prints, unique vessels, as well as objects extracted from the crypt.

Marshal Lubomirski – founder of the Royal Łazienki

Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski is the personage with whom the history of the Royal Baths began. In 1674, he took possession of the vast Ujazdów area, together with a woodland area known as Zwierzyniec – now forming the premises of the Royal  Łazienki where we walk every day. Here, on a small island, the marshal ordered the erection of a small bathing pavilion. The Baroque Bathhouse was later extended by King Stanislaw August. This is how the most beautiful building in the Royal Łazienki, namely the Palace on the Isle, was created, and how the whole residence took its name from the Bathhouse.

On the occasion of the 350th anniversary of the acquisition of the Ujazdów estate by Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski, the Royal Łazienki Museum is hosting an exhibition dedicated to this outstanding writer and politician. As a person of wide-ranging interests and a rich biography, he was associated with many aspects of Polish history: international politics (he successfully defended Spisz against the Emperor’s attempts to separate it from Poland), domestic politics (in recognition of his merits, he was granted the Crown Marshal’s Office from Michał Korybut in 1673 and the Grand Marshal’s Office from Jan III in 1676), military history (he founded the hussar flag which accompanied Polish troops at Vienna in 1683), literature and philosophy (author of treatises, comedies, songs) and architecture (founder of numerous buildings). Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski was a rare example in Poland of the pre-partition era of an individual who successfully combined involvement in political life with literary activity; the recognition of his contemporaries was reflected in the nickname “Polish Salomon”.

View of the exhibition with a display of 17th-century Dutch tiles in the center. (Photo by Paweł Czarnecki


The exhibition consists of two parts: At the Palace on the Isle, visitors can discover the history of the Marshal’s Baroque Bathhouse, the traces of which can still be noticed in the architecture of the residence of the last king of Poland. One of the rooms in the pavilion, decorated with 17th-century stucco is opened to the public for the first time in the Museum’s history.

The core of the exhibition is located in the Officer Cadets School. Here visitors learn about the various strands of Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski’s biography. The exhibition begins with the history of Ujazdów and Zwierzyniec and the Baroque Bathhouse. Then, visitors may have a closer look at, among other things, the Marshal’s family history, his literary works, foundations and patronage, and political activities.

The presentation of Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski’s rich biography and versatility required finding exhibits that would be equally intriguing. Exceptional artefacts were lent from fifteen Polish and five foreign institutions (French, Swedish, Slovak, German, Hungarian). Many of them are being presented in Poland for the first time.

On display are paintings and prints, including those by Rembrandt, puzzling drawings and old prints, including designs for Baroque buildings, silver liturgical and feast vessels and objects from the crypt. The display of various memorabilia of Marshal Lubomirski is enriched by a multimedia show. The entire exhibition allows visitors to embark on a fascinating journey into the world of the Polish Baroque and to learn more about the history of the Royal Łazienki.

News about this exhibition