Information from the Fundacion Carlos de Amberes
In April 9th 1609 was signed in Antwerp the Twelve Years Truce between the Spanish Monarchy, the Archdukes and the young Republic of the United Provinces that stopped temporarily the Eighty Years War (1568-1648). This is the beginning of the formal recognition of the Dutch Republic as an independent State (accepted finally by the Treaty of Münster 1648), but also a key point in the development of a real commitment to peace and tolerance in European Culture, International Law and Politics, which was possible thanks to the previous treaties of Vervins (1598) and London (1604) and a real cooperation between Spain (Philip III), France (Henry IV) and England (James I).
The Peace Treaties of Vervins (1598) and London (1604), and the Truce of
Antwerp/The Hague (1609-1621), period known by historians as the Pax Hispanica,
bring the opportunity for the construction of a new image of prosperity, tolerance and freedom which all the parts before in conflict will try to monopolize and manage. In these exhibition, we will stress the political e ideological dynamics of this process without forgeting other socieconomics and cultural aspects.
This exhibition is organized by the Fundacion Carlos de Amberes (Madrid) and the State Society for Cultural Conmemorations (Spanish Ministry of Culture)
Time of peace: the pax hispanica and the twelve years truce (1609-2009)
Bernardo J. García García et al.
Catalogue of an exhibition held in Madrid in 2009-10
300 pp., 130 illustrations in color